WOMEN COMPOSERS 365 DAYS A YEAR

5 FEBRUARY 2019

Tuesday, 5 February 2019

GRAŻYNA BACEWICZ - POLAND 
BORN 5 FEBRUARY

Grażyna Bacewicz was a Polish composer and violinist. She is the second Polish female composer to have achieved national and international recognition, the first being Maria Szymanowska in the early 19th century.

Many of her compositions feature the violin. Among them are seven violin concertos, five sonatas for violin with piano, three for violin solo (including an early, unnumbered one from 1929), a Quartet for four violins, seven string quartets, and two piano quintets. Her orchestral works include four numbered symphonies(1945, 1951, 1952, and 1953), a Symphony for Strings (1946), and two early symphonies, now lost.

♫ LISTEN 


Concerto for Violin and Piano by Grażyna Bacewicz


ZARA LEVINA - UKRAINE
BORN 5 FEBRUARY

Zara Levina graduated with a gold medal from the Odessa Conservatory, where she studied piano under B. Dronseiko-Mironovich. In 1932 she graduated from the Moscow Conservatory having studied piano under F. Blumenfeld and composition under N. Miaskovsky and R. Gliere.

In het young days in Odessa she was overwhelmed by music of Rachmaninov, Scriabin, Prokofiev as well as Beethoven and Schumann. Their influence can be traced throughout all of her works. Her gift was primarily melodical, lyrical and deeply personal. The nucleus of he creative output has been vocal music - namely romances (more than 200) followed by vocal miniatures about children. In the 1930s heroic and passionate monologues have been her natural choice. Light music extended the range of her output in the late 1940s and children's music was always a central concern. A spirit of patriotism is present in her tragic monologues of the war years and in the severe and mournful romances on African poetry that she composed during the 1960s. Her melodies are simple, but their individuality is achieved through fine detail, delicate harmony, supple modulation and varied texture.



♫ LISTEN    



Piano Sonata by Zara Levina




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